Human rights are a set of principles and norms that protect the dignity, freedom and equality of all people, regardless of their origin, race, gender, religion or social status. These rights are inherent to all human beings and are internationally recognized.
Within the field of human rights, there are two branches of criminal law that address specific problems: corporate criminal law and environmental criminal law.
Corporate criminal law focuses on regulating criminal conduct committed by companies and organizations, especially those that affect the rights of workers, consumers or society in general. It seeks to guarantee the responsibility of corporate entities and their legal representatives, promoting transparency, business ethics and the protection of human rights in the labor and commercial sphere.
On the other hand, environmental criminal law deals with criminal conduct affecting the environment and natural resources. Its objective is to prevent and punish actions that cause environmental damage and degradation, such as pollution, illegal deforestation or trafficking of protected species. Environmental criminal law seeks to protect the fundamental right of all people to a healthy and sustainable environment, as well as to preserve biodiversity for future generations.
Both branches of criminal, corporate and environmental law are framed within the defense and promotion of human rights, as they seek to guarantee the protection of individuals and the environment against illegal practices that may cause harm or violate their fundamental rights.